Pink Is In

September 12, 2022

Kelly Paxton, Certified Fraud Examiner and Private Investigator, presented at the Indiana Certified Fraud Examiner training conference for the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Ms. Paxton is the author of Embezzlement – How to Detect, Prevent, and Investigate Pink-Collar Crime. Based on her research, Pink-Collar crime is based on position, not gender. Women make up the majority of mid- and low-level jobs, including:

Secretaries and administrative assistants (94.6%),

Payroll and timekeeping clerks (90.7%),

Billing personnel (89.0%),

Bookkeeping, accounting, and data entry clerks (88.5%),

Bank tellers (81.7%).

Mid- to low-level employees are often underpaid and overworked. Lower-level accounting jobs are typically repetitive and thankless. Workers are overlooked and taken for granted. Owners and management do not appreciate that these employees are vital to the financial well-being of any business – from hospitals to sugar producers. As such, employees in mid- to low-level positions are motivated to misappropriate monies. And they frequently have the opportunity to do so. Employers should be aware that dissatisfied lower-level employees who misappropriate monies can significantly impact business.

To learn more about pink-collar crime, you can listen to Ms. Paxton’s podcasts and find more information at

Copies of her book, Embezzlement – How to Detect, Prevent, and Investigate Pink-Collar Crime, can be purchased through her website or on

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